Starting from the 14th -15th century the masserie began to spread in the rural area of Fasano. The term derives from masse or massaricius that indicated plots of land located in private properties with manor houses and farmhouses, olive trees, oil mills and cellars.
Every masseria was a prosperous agricultural and livestock farming center and every building was fortified in order to drive back the Saracen attacks. They were organized like a middle age castle: high defense walls, gate, towers, lift bridge, watchtower, loophole, storm drain.
Quite all the masserie had a chapel where the owner and peasantry celebrated the Christian rites.
The presence of oil mills (underground and not) is another peculiar characteristic of a masseria.
In some masserie can be found also rupestrian settlements, the most notewhorty are : Masseria Abbaterisi, Masseria Sant’Angelo de Graecis, Masseria san Domenico, Masseria san marco, Masseria Ottava Grande.
Between the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century the phenomenon of depopulation of the country involved the abandon of the masserie with their churches that had consequently been subject to vandalism and then damaged.
Nowadays the major part of them has been converted in a hotel or an accommodation for events, few example are : Abbaterisi, Don Sante, Eccellenza, Lamacupa, Maccarone, Marzalossa, Mozzone, Narducci, Notarangelo, Ottava Grande, Ottava Piccola, Salamina, San Domenico, San Marco, Sant’ Angelo de Graecis, Signora Pulita, Spetterrata, Torre Coccaro, Torre Maizza, Torre Spaccata, Ventura.