DOLMEN OF MONTALBANO
The Dolmen, known also as the “Table of paladins ”, is located in the small village of Montalbano that is part of the territory of Fasano. It is one of the most ancient megalithic monuments in the area and probably dates back to the Bronze Age, between the III and the II millennium B.C.
It is composed by 3 stone elements: two calcareous stones, 1.70 meters high, that sustain the 2 x 3 meters capstone.
There are different hypothesis about its functions and purpose: according to some researchers it was a sacrificial altar (literally “stone tables”, from the Breton dol = table and men = stone). Other ones maintain that it was a rudimentary sepulchre. Nearby the dolmen some tombs have been found demonstrating it was the core of a burial architecture. After many acts of vandalism and significant alterations it is not possible to see of the “dromos” (the access corridor to the monument) anymore.
NECROPOLIS OF EGNATHIA
In the ancient Messapian city of Gnathia there are several funeral areas. Outside the ancient city walls two necropolis can be distinguished : the western one and the southern one. Inside there are the coastal necropolis and a sepulchral area with tombs scattered among the houses.
In the western necropolis it is possible to distinguish tombs according to typology and age. At the end of the IV century B.C. pit tombs were very common and often they were included in a bigger grave that hosted many tombs. A street separated pit tombs from the monumental semi-chamber tombs that were usually painted and closed by stone slabs. This type of tomb has been used for multiple burials until the II century B.C. There are also painted chamber tombs, namely hypogea built in the white calcareous stone destined to the high social class members. These tombs were characterized by the dromos (access corridor) , the vestibule and the burial chamber. During the Middle Ages two of them had been used as houses.
The southern necropolis is located in the area that now is property of Masseria Cimino, it had been used from the IV to the II century B.C.
The coastal necropolis, corroded by the sea during the ages, is characterized by rectangular tombs, typically Messsapian and oval tombs, typically Peucetian.