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Route dolmen and coast

/Route dolmen and coast
Route dolmen and coast2018-07-09T16:51:49+00:00

Lunghezza: 17,5 km
Livello di difficoltà: facile

  • Dolmen in Montalbano

  • Masseria Ottava Grande
  • Regional Natural Park of Coastal Dunes

  • Torre Canne
  • Savelletri
  • Egnazia

Dolmen in Montalbano

The route starts from the Dolmen located in Contrada Indelli in the hamlet of Montalbano. It is also known as “Table of paladins” and is one of the most ancient megalithic monuments in the area and probably dates back to the Bronze Age, between the 3rd and the 2nd millennium B.C. It is composed by three stone elements: two calcareous stones, 1.70 metres high, that sustain the 2 x 3 metres capstone. There are different hypothesis about its functions and purpose: according to some researchers it was a sacrificial altar (literally “stone tables”, from the Breton dol = table and men = stone). Other ones maintain that it was a rudimentary sepulchre. Nearby the dolmen some tombs have been found demonstrating it was the nucleus of a burial architecture. After many acts of vandalism and significant alterations it is not possible to see of the “dromos” (the access corridor to the monument) anymore.

Driving in south-west direction, at the first crossroad turn left and after around 4 kilometres turn right. Continue for 1 kilometre in direction SP10.

Masseria Ottava Grande

After 300 metres onto SP10, on your left, is located Masseria Ottava Grande, typical building of the 16th century erected near the ancient church dating back to the 12th century. The building preserves the features of a fortified castle with storm drains on the windows and the external staircase to reach the first floor. The walls enclose the manor house and the farmhouse. The chapel dedicated to San Pietro de Octava  has the name of a rupestrian crypt later converted in a cistern. On its façade there is the eighteenth-century bell gable. The building is supported by six cross-shaped columns: the central aisle is characterized by three aligned cupolas, the lateral ones show cross vaults. On the wall it is possible to see traces of frescoes portraying saints belonging to the eastern iconography.

Regional Natural Park of Coastal Dunes

Proceeding for around 3 kilometres onto SP10 toward the sea, it is possible to catch sight of the Regional Natural Park of Coastal Dunes. It extends from Torre Canne to Torre San Leonardo on an area of 1,100 hectares, part of the territories of Ostuni and Fasano, including a 8 kilometres coastline and a rural hinterland  constituted by centuries-old olive trees fields.

Its protected area hosts many habitats of naturalistic interest and a Site of Community Importance (SCI), namely the “Litorale brindisino” characterized by moist coastal areas that represent both  a stopover  for rare endangered species of  migrating  birds and an important site for their reproduction . There are also a long line of dunes covered by junipers and  moist areas where salicornia and jonquil grow. It is possible to enjoy the landscape through paths and boardwalks on basins and ancient lagoons such as Fiume Grande, Fiume Piccolo, Fiume Tavernese an Fiume Morelli once used in aquaculture. On the inner side it is possible to reach fossil dunes covered by pseudo-steppa  and fields with monumental olive trees, on the dunes beautiful wild orchids flower ,  also the rare specie named  serapias apulica.

Torre Canne

At the crossroad turn left and after around 1.5 kilometres turn right, after the overpass turn right again onto Via Appia Antica that runs along the coast of Torre Canne, a sea hamlet part of the municipality of Fasano. Its name originated from the light house built on the promontory that nowadays is the symbol of the area, recently restored. The growth of the little fishermen’s village started in the 40s with the construction of more houses for vacation and the church dedicated to the Sacro Cuore di Gesù (Sacred Heart of Jesus). The church was built precisely in 1941 on the land property of Mr Gian Battista Punzi after his miraculous survival in a railway accident. On the façade the entry is marked by an arch whose top presents a gable with an open-air oculus. Inside there are two rooms. Torre Canne is also a very renowned watering place thanks to the spring waters with therapeutic properties discovered in the first half of the 19th century but used only in the post war period after the construction of the beach resort. The area awarded  the Blue Flag thanks to the fine and white sand of its beaches.

Savelletri

After around 2.5 kilometres onto Via Appia Antica there is a roundabout: take the second exit direction Savelletri onto SP90. After 7 kilometres you reach Savelletri, the other sea hamlet of the municipality of Fasano. It originated from the ancient fishermen’s village but nowadays it is one of the most appreciated destinations for the vacation. Here there are two ports: the smaller one destined to the fishing boats and the bigger one, recently built for docking larger boats. Close to the bigger port there is a small church dedicated to San Francesco da  Paola (Saint Francis de Paola) who is venerated with a boats procession in August. It was built at the end of 1800 wanted by Mr Amati. It presents a tufo (local stone) external façade and one room inside. In 1973 a new and bigger church was built thanks also to the donations of the inhabitants, it shows a more modern style.

Egnazia

Continue onto SP90 for 2 kilometres more and end the route in the area of the archeological excavations of Egnazia that includes a Museum and a Park. The museum was built in the 70s  and has thirteen rooms where showcases hold finds and artifacts that testimony the life in the city of Egnazia (Gnatia) from the Bronze Age until the Middle Ages. The Park is divided into three areas: the Western Necropolis, the Roman City and the Acropolis.

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